Ural Geological Museum

«The Urals is great and very rich...»

Ekaterina II, the empress of Russia, the 18th century.

Department of Crystallography and Mineralogy

Mineral Department

Department of General and Historic Geology

The Ural mountain ridge stretched out for more than 2 thousand kilometers from Karski sea to the Pre-Caspian steppe, dividing two greatest parts of the world: Europe and Asia. From the Herodote times (the 5th century a.d.) the Urals lias been a supplier of gold, rock crystal and precious stones. But it won the world recognition only in the 17th century due to the discovery of rich deposits of iron and copper-ore, platinum, emerald, topaz, amethyst, abrasive corundum, gold. A detailed investigation of the Urals has started since the middle of the 17th century, being continued up to the present. A lot of geological maps were compiled, a big number of new deposits of ferrous, non-ferrous and rare metals, construction materials were discovered. A lot of big oil, natural gas, rock-salt, coal and diamond deposits were discovered along the periphery of old Ural mountain ridge. A great geological, mineralogical, petrographic, paleontological material was accumulated, a part of it is presented at the Ural Geological Museum.

The Ural Geological Museum is rather young in comparison with other big Russian and foreign museums with a century-old history. It was founded in 1937 as an exhibition of mineral-ore treasures organized to the 17th session of International Geological Congress. In 1938 the exhibition was transferred to the Ural Geological Institute.

The Ural Geological Museum is a proud of the Ural State Mining University. Nowadays it is not only a state treasure-house of Ural and other rock materials, but also a cultural center carrying out large tutorial, scientific and educational work and uniting true patriots and admirers of minerals. The museum is housed in a four-story building on the crossing of Khokhriakov and Kuibishev streets. The main aim of the museum is accumulation, investigation, systematization of rock material of Ural deposits and its keeping for the next generations.

The museum is a regional one. There are more than 40 thousand exhibits in its collections, reflecting the mineral riches and geology of the Urals.

The exposition of the museum is subdivided conventionally into 4 main departments:

Crystallography and Mineralogy (the 2nd floor)

Minerals (the 3rd floor)

General and Historical Geology (the 4th floor)

Petrography and Litology (the 4th floor)