Department of General and Historic Geology

     General Geology, Petrology and HistoricGeology halls are on the fourth floor.

     In exposition of the General Geology hall different geological formations and the unique geological-petrographic material on the Ural super deep borehole are presented: forms of manifestation of tectonic dislocations (mirrors of sliding, micro-displacements, different forms of folding). It is interesting to acquaint with the exposition on the morphology of the Urals cavern formations, where stalactites and stalagmites are exhibited, including open channels.

     Petrology and lithology expositions are placed in the Central Hall. They acquaint visitors with the rocks that for the first time were discovered in the Urals (berezites, miasskites, listvenites, kyshtymites, borzites and others). Here one can get an idea about the main types of rocks of the Ural mountains.

     The Historic Geology department is interesting and various. Its collections reflect a complicated geological history of the Urals. The most reliable way of acquaintance with geology is to study stratigraphy!( the sequence of deposition of geological formations and paleontology remains included in them.

     Paleontological collections of the museum have a great scientific value. The review begins with the unique stromalites — original carbonate out-growths formed as a result of vital activity of the lowest (blue-green water plants). The age of these formations is about 2-1,5 billion of years. They are the most ancient sedimentary rocks of the Earth with colonies of the ancient organic remains.

     Big interest presents the collection of braxiopods, pelizipods, fossilized remains of tree trunks of Carbon period (lycopodi-ums, ferns), fossil flora from coal deposits. The sample with the remains of an ancient shark's dental apparatus is the main museum's rarity. The collection of ammonites of Subarctic Urals is various.

     A big section of the museum is devoted to the post-glacial mammoth fauna of Quaternary period. A well preserved little mammoth's skull, tusks, thigh-bones, teeth of adult mammoths and accompanying to them wooly rhinoceros, who had lived in the Urals, attracts attention of all visitors. The samples of mammoth wooly cover and muscle remains excite visitors.

     Monographic collections of A.N.Hodalevich (brachiopodes) and V.RSapelnikov (brachiopodes) and of the other paleontologists are kept in the Historic Geology department.

     Visitors of the fourth floor can observe the amazing history of geological development of the Urals region step by step.

     «This museum can be called the library where books were written by the nature itself.»

(N.Lamery).

     Mineral exhibitions, exhibitions of rocks, hand-made articles from private collections, enterprises and firms dealing with mining and production of goods, made of the nature raw materials take place in the museum.

     The past of the Geological museum his interesting, but its future is more majestic. Its unique mineral collections of the Urals resources, participation of the Ural geologists the fans of stones, of Ural mining and processing enterprises in establishing of the museum fund and also the contribution of scientists of the Ural State Mining University and the Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences, into scientific acivity of the museum and the location of the museum in Yekaterinburg city — the largest industrial center of the Urals, the center of tourism on the routes of national park «Samotsvetnaya Polosa Urala» being established now — may be good guaranties for the long life activity of the museum.

     We invite all admirers of the Ural Geological Museum to cooperate with us. The museum will appreciate greatly and is ready to accept natural samples and ready made articles for named exposition from all fans of stones, museums, enterprises and firms.