Mineral Department

     The acquaintance with the museum continues on the third floor, the collection of jasper from Southern Urals deposits (Orsk, Kalkansky, Kalinovsky, Sibaisky, Muinaksky and others) is demonstrated in the Central Hall. It strikes by the riches of colors and unique landscapes made by the nature. The collection of the Urals rhodonites is presented here.

     In honor of sixty years of the Ural Geological Museum a new department devoted to the geology and mineralogy of the Urals quartz was opened in 1997. The big factual material presenting genetic types of quartz from various areas of the Urals is exhibited for the first time. Morphology and ontogenesis exposition of native crystals and the collection of quartz inclusions are new.

     The Urals is the native land of iron ore, copper, platinum and diamond industry in Russia. The Urals region is unique in mineral deposits. Long and complicated geologl ical history of the Urals led to the formation of deposits differing in genesis, age and composition: placers (gold, platinum, diamonds), sedimentary rocks (hard coal, salts, clays, sands), magmatic rocks (chromites, titanimagnetites, nephelines), pegmatite rocks (precious stones, feldspars), hydrotermal rocks (quartz, cobalt, gold, antimony, fluorspar), contact-matasomatic (iron ores, magnesite, asbestos), copper pyrite (copper-zinc), metamorphic (graphite, mica, corundum, marbles).

     Many of these deposits are presented in the department of the Urals minerals. Ores and country rocks of unique iron-ore deposits are exhibited here. Some of the deposits are exhausted (Magnitnaya, Blagodat', Vysokaya mountains), the others are being exploited by now (Kachkanarsky, Bakalsky, Kusinsky, Sokolovsky, Sarbaisky). Chromate expositions (Saranovsky deposit), copper-pyrite ores of the Middle and Southern Urals (Blyavinsky, Degtyarsky, Pyshminsky, Sibaisky, Gaisky and others) are very interesting. The samples from the largest bauxite chrysotile-asbestos, Berezovsky gold deposit are well presented.

The department of sedimentary deposits is well presented by expositions of peat, hard coal, rock salt and construction materials.

     Expositions of decorative and construction stones of the Urals differ greatly in variety of colors and texture (marbles, granites, gneisses, serpentine and so on).

     The Urals amazes the world by the riches of gold and platinum placers. The largest in the Europe and in the whole world the nugget of gold «Bolshoi Treugolnik» (big triangle) weighing over 36 kg, was found in the valley of the river Miass. The largest nuggets of platinum, weighing till 9,6 kg, are still being mined in the environments of N.Tagil City and Isetsky district. You can see gold and platinoids in the museum showcases.